saṃyoga – conjunction
acetana – that which is without consciousness
cetanā – consciousness
iva – as if
guṇa – attribute of nature
kartṛtva – having agency
karta – that which is separate
iva – as if
udāsīna – that which is indifferent
bhava – produces
Conscious choice is an illusion that arises from a co-presence of Spirit and Nature.
- How can there be conscious choice if:
- Spirit (Purusa) is inactive and can only witness.
- and activity resides in Nature (Prakrti) through the three Gunas
- and the three Gunas are not sentient.
- There is a co-presence of Spirit and Nature.
- This co-presence looks like a union but it isn’t – it is a kind of shared resonance due to proximity that causes attributed to mingle.
- This kind of co-presence and mingling of attributes is common in nature:
- If I place an iron ball in a fire the iron takes on the qualities of heat and light from the fire. The iron ball appears like (but is not) a ball of fire.
- If I place a cold water in a jar the jar feels cold, if I place warm water in a jar the jar feels warm.
- If I walk around with a group of thieves (even though I myself am not a thief) others may think that I too am a thief.
- The co-presence of spirit and nature functions in a similar way and creates a unified effect.
- The effect of this union creates an impression that Spirit (Purusa) can act and that Nature (Prakrti) is conscious.
- However, both of these are illusions.
- Nature acts but is not conscious and Spirit is conscious but cannot act.