Verse 10: What does causality reveal about the Manifest and Unmanifest?

hetumat-anityam-avyāpi sakriyam-anekam-āśritaṃ liṅgam |
sāvayavaṃ paratantraṃ vyaktaṃ viparītam-avyaktam ||

hetumat – proceeding from a cause (caused)
anitya – transient
vyakta – Manifest
viparīta – opposite
avyakta – Unmanifest

The Manifest is that which is caused & transient and the Unmanifest is the opposite.

  1. The Manifest (Vyakta) has some distinctive qualities and features.
    1. It is caused. It is an effect with a pre-existing cause, as oil is caused by a sunflower seed.
    2. It is transient (not eternal). It is destructible like a clay pot can revert to being clay earth.
    3. It is not pervasive. Because it is caused and not eternal it cannot exist in everything. The clay pot is not present in the clay earth.
    4. It is active. It has mobility: that which makes it possible for a seed to become a tree.
    5. It is manifold. It is made up of parts like a tree that has texture (you can feel), form (you can see), aroma (you can smell) flavor (you can taste), and sound (you can hear).
    6. It is conjunct. Being made of parts implies that those parts somehow come together, that there are relationships between the parts. A tree is a union of its qualities ( of texture, form, aroma, taste, and sound). A forest is a union of trees.
    7. It is dependent. It cannot exist on its own, of its own accord. A tree is dependent on a seed, earth, water, light … and a forest is dependent on trees.
    8. It serves as a mark (an indicator of a cause). Because it is caused it serves as a mark of that which causes it. A mark is a doorway for inference. Through inference, a mark can point to something else – to a cause from which it (the effect) came. A tree points to the seed from which it came. If I follow this “trail of marks” I find it describes a converging path.
    9. It is subordinate. It is in a relationship of service with its cause. A leaf is obviously dependent on a tree, but it is also in service of the tree. The tree provides a need for a leaf.
  2. The Unmanifest (Avyakta) is the opposite:
    1. It is not caused
    2. Because it is not caused, it is eternal.
    3. Because it is eternal it is omnipresent, it pervades everything.
    4. Because it is omnipresent it is inactive. Since it is already omnipresent, where else would it need to go?
    5. It is one and causes everything else.
    6. It is a unity without parts and therefore can never be taken apart.
    7. It is independent since nothing causes it.
    8. It is not a mark of anything else and therefore does not merge into anything else. It is what lies at the end of the converging path of merging.
    9. It is its own master, it does not serve another.
Manifest (Vyakta)Unmanifest (Avyakta)
CausedNot Caused
Not PervasiveOmnipresent
ConjunctWithout Parts
Serves as a Mark (linga)Is Not a Mark
SubordinateIs its Own Master

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